hyperbole

an over exaggeration for the purpose of emphasis

metaphor

a figure of speech through which one thing is spoken of as though it were something else, thus making an implicit comparison

personification

assigning lifelike characteristics to inhuman objects (animals, inanimate objects, nature)

simile

a figure of speech that uses "like" or "as" to compare two things

figurative language

the use of figures of speech; going beyond the literal meaning to achieve an effect

symbol

a person, place, or object that has a concrete meaning in itself and also stands for something abstract, such as an idea or feeling